Exploring "Associative Talk": When German Mothers Instruct Their Two Year Olds about Spatial Tasks

Katharina J. Rohlfing

Abstract


In this study, maternal input was analyzed during a task, in which German mothers instructed their two-year-old children to put two objects together in a particular way. In the setting, the spatial relation (ON and UNDER) and the canonicality of these relations (canonical such as a pot on a table and noncanonical like a train on a tunnel) were varied. Two kinds of discourse strategies are proposed that characterize mothers input in this task: bring-in and follow-in. For the analysis, an automatic procedure was developed, in which the amount of words spent on a strategy was related to the overall word amount. The data suggest that the canonicality of the task can change the discourse: Bring-in strategies dominated the discourse in tasks with canonical spatial relations while in more difficult tasks with non-canonical relations, German-speaking mothers used follow-ins significantly more often than in the canonical tasks. Together, the results of this study shed light on the process of an on-line adaptation of the mother to her child and give us insight into how a situated understanding in a task-oriented dis-course emerges.

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www.dialogue-and-discourse.org ISSN: 2152-9620   Journal doi: 10.5087/dad